Categories: Telecom

How IoT is changing critical infrastructures using LoRaWAN?

How IoT is changing critical infrastructures using LoRaWAN? 

The Internet of Things (IoT) has become advanced in recent years showing its potential in the establishment of networks that bring the best possible outcomes in business and deal with complex technological problems. In critical infrastructures like healthcare, transportation, public services, and telecommunications, IoT applications are already playing a crucial role and providing a wide range of benefits. In addition to this, companies are capable of transforming cities into smart spaces through IoT technologies.   

Modern-day factories, healthcare, warehouses, buildings, transportation, power and energy, and urban infrastructure are operated by the Internet of Things (IoT) with the help of LoRaWAN sensors. According to MarketsandMarkets, it is estimated that the IoT market is expected to grow by USD 566.4 billion globally in 2027 from USD 384.5 billion in 2021 at a CAGR of 6.7% as the need to capture and transport small packets of data continues to expand.  

It is known that today’s IoT technology devices rely on long-range, low-power devices that are suitable for industrial and commercial purposes. That’s what we’re going to talk about in this blog, specifically about LoRaWAN (Low Power Wide Area Network). So, Let’s see how the Internet of Things (IoT) is changing the infrastructures using LoRaWAN. 

What is LoRaWAN?

Let’s explore first what is LoRaWAN. 

The LoRa Alliance describes LoRaWAN as the Low Power Wide Area networking protocol that has been designed to monitor and control battery-operated devices in different locations or global networks, and targets key Internet of Things (IoT) requirements such as end-to-end security, bi-directional communication, mobility, and localization services.”. 

It maintains communication between end-node IoT devices and network gateways and also connects devices to the internet with wireless connections.  

Need of LoRaWAN devices

There is no doubt that Low Power devices are becoming the technology of choice for IoT deployments that require long-range and low power consumption. 

According to the LoRa Alliance, certified these devices have increased by 34% and have made the greatest number of LPWAN sensors in the market in recent years. But the growth doesn’t stop here. A study predicted that the total number of Local Power Wide Area Network (LPWAN) devices will grow to over 2.7 billion by 2025 including more than 1 billion featuring Low Power devices connectivity. But how these sensors-based IoT devices handle critical infrastructures?  We can get the answer in the use cases of IoT using LoRaWAN devices… 

Use cases of LoRaWAN Devices in IoT

If we talk about critical services, then cost–efficiency needs to be crucial and there can’t be any margin for error. 

Below are a few typical use cases of Low Power Wide Area Networks:  

  • Smart Agriculture: LoRaWAN-based IoT devices enable efficiencies that help in reducing environmental impact, maximizing yield, and minimizing expenses. Farmers are now capable of making more informed decisions regarding their crops, livestock, equipment, infrastructure, environment, and all other factors they are needed to monitor and manage to increase yields.
  • Smart Cities: Using LoRaWAN-based IoT devices can analyse comprehensive real-time data. Also, cities can integrate IoT devices to automate their infrastructure tasks, monitor equipment, and bring off predictive maintenance to reduce costs.
  • Healthcare: Such solutions help in monitoring high-risk patients or systems that guarantee health and medical safety are never compromised.
  • Smart Metering: Advanced metering infrastructure based on LoRaWAN solutions help customers and municipalities in increasing efficiencies and accelerating sustainability efforts at the best possible cost. Also, smart water metering solutions can acquire usage data and bill accounts that increase operational efficiencies and generates additional revenues.
  • Transportation and Logistics: LoRaWAN devices in IoT technology help supply chain and logistics companies by allowing the successful tracking of high-value assets, including shipments. It makes vehicles, goods, and other support to be conveniently tracked even in broad geographic regions and in severe circumstances because of the remarkable range, low power consumption, and GPS-free localization of LoRaWAN technology.
  • Mining: Short-range devices such as Wi-Fi and Bluetooth often fail to cover enough areas and can’t penetrate deep under the mine environment. The ability of deep penetration of LoRaWAN devices while using low power, enables data communication over a long range that makes such devices ideal for smart underground mining applications.

Conclusion

Most enterprises see the potential of IoT deployments in managing their infrastructure and resources very well. Global Data estimated that enterprise usage of LoRa and LoRaWAN devices will outpace the overall market’s growth in the upcoming years and the usage will grow by more than 600 million by 2024 from 200 million connections in 2019. 

LoRaWAN devices prove to be a key technology for the Internet of Things (IoT). Its ability to support low-cost, low-power end devices with two-way directional communications makes it suitable to use in a range of fixed and mobile IoT application services. 

Pallavi Yadav

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